The widespread availability of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has led to the globalization process and continues to have a large influence on social, economic, political and cultural structures around the world. Much work has been done in the academia to get to a good scientific understanding of the causes, nature and consequences of today’s interconnected world1, and to analyze both opportunities and threats that ICTs pose to humankind. In the context of Peace and Conflict Studies, ICTs can play an important role in many ways. On the positive side, communication technologies such as the Internet can support nonviolent, democratic movements, promote education, capacity building, intercultural dialogue and the establishment of a beneficial global civil society. They can also play a liberating role in processes to overcome authoritarian regimes, as has been demonstrated by the recent revolutions in the Arab world2. On the negative side, ICTs can be used for cybercrime, cyberwarfare, surveillance, the spreading of extremist propaganda, the suppression of democratic processes and other destructive purposes.
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